Download E-books Sinhalese Buddhist Nationalist Ideology: Implications for Politics and Conflict Resolution in Sri Lanka (Policy Studies (East-West Center Washington)) PDF

By Neil DeVotta

This research argues that political Buddhism and Sinhalese Buddhist nationalism have contributed to a nationalist ideology that has been used to extend and perpetuate Sinhalese Buddhist supremacy inside a unitary Sri Lankan nation; create legislation, ideas, and constructions that institutionalize such supremacy; and assault those that disagree with this schedule as enemies of the country. The nationalist ideology is encouraged by means of Sinhalese Buddhist mytho-history that was once deployed by way of clergymen and politics within the past due 19th and 20th centuries to claim that Sri Lanka is the detailed sanctuary for Theravada Buddhism, belongs to Sinhalese Buddhists, and Tamils and others stay there in basic terms as a result of Sinhalese Buddhist sufferance. This ideology has enabled majority superordination, minority subordination, and a separatist conflict waged by means of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE). The examine indicates either LTTE terrorism and the ethnocentric nature of the Sri Lankan country, which inns to its personal sorts of terrorism whilst scuffling with the civil conflict, must be conquer if the island is to develop into a liberal democracy. the current govt of President Mahinda Rajapakse is the 1st to completely embody the Sinhalese Buddhist nationalist ideology, suggesting political way to Sri Lanka's ethnic clash is not likely. significant devolution of strength, wherein Tamils might coalesce with their ethnic opposite numbers amidst equality and self-respect, isn't within the offing. an answer alongside federal traces is principally not likely. as a substitute, persisted battle or even assaults on Christians and Muslims appear to be in shop for Sri Lanka because the Sinhalese Buddhist nationalist ideology is extra consolidated. The research recommends that the foreign neighborhood undertake a extra proactive stance in selling a plural nation and society in Sri Lanka. as well as countering the terrorist equipment hired by means of the LTTE, the foreign group may still start up and aid measures to guard primary civil liberties and human rights of Sri Lanka's ethnic and non secular minority groups. this is often the 40th ebook in coverage reports, a peer-reviewed East-West middle Washington sequence that provides scholarly research of key modern and foreign political, monetary, and strategic concerns affecting Asia in a coverage proper demeanour.

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